August 29, 2014

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Rosa Parks, a bold catalyst for civil rights Print E-mail

(Continued from February 12)

In 1980 Parks, widowed and without immediate family, rededicated herself to civil rights and educational organizations. She co-founded the Rosa L. Parks Scholarship Foundation for college-bound high school seniors, to which she donated most of her speaker fees. In February 1987 she co-founded, with Elaine Eason Steele, the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development, an institute that runs the "Pathways to Freedom" bus tours which introduce young people to important civil rights and Underground Railroad sites throughout the country. Though her health declined as she entered her seventies, Parks continued to make many appearances and devoted considerable energy to these causes.

The meaning behind the flag-draped coffin Print E-mail

All Americans should be given this lesson. Those who think that America is an arrogant nation should really reconsider that thought. Our founding fathers used God's word and teachings to establish our great nation and I think it's high time Americans get re-educated about this nation's history.

To understand what the flag-draped coffin really means ... Here is how to understand the flag that laid upon it and is surrendered to so many widows and widowers:

Do you know that at military funerals, the 21-gun salute stands for the sum of the numbers in the year 1776?

Remembering Abraham Lincoln Print E-mail

Lincoln warned the South in his Inaugural Address: "In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you.... You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it."

Lincoln thought secession illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called on the states for 75,000 volunteers. Four more slave states joined the Confederacy but four remained within the Union. The Civil War had begun.

Mysterious history of Valentine's Day and the story of its patron saint Emperor Claudius II Print E-mail

The history of Valentine's Day--and the story of its patron saint--is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine's Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?

Rosa Parks, a bold catalyst for the civil rights movement Print E-mail

On Dec. 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus, igniting the boycott that led to a Supreme Court ruling against segregation in public transportation.

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights," and "the mother of the freedom movement".

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps in the twentieth century, including Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and Claudette Colvin nine months before Parks. NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience.

Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in town who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement.

February is Black History Month: The brave women who led the way for Rosa Parks and others to come Print E-mail

Irene Morgan (April 9, 1917 – August 10, 2007), later known as Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, was an important predecessor to Rosa Parks in the successful fight to overturn segregation laws in the United States.

Like the more famous Parks, but eleven years earlier, in 1944, the 27-year-old Baltimore-born African-American was arrested and jailed in Virginia for refusing to give up her seat on an interstate Greyhound bus to a white person.

When the bus driver stopped in Middlesex County, Virginia, and summoned the sheriff, who tried to arrest Morgan, she tore up the arrest warrant, kicked the sheriff in the groin and fought with the deputy who tried to drag her off the bus.

Irene Morgan appealed her case on the conviction for violating the segregation laws. After exhausting appeals in state courts, she and her lawyers appealed her conviction on constitutional grounds all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1946, the justices agreed to hear the case.

George Remus' legacy of a common man who became wealthy to being a common man once again Print E-mail


From Chicago to Cincinnati to Covington to a grave in Falmouth, that was the life journey of George Remus, the 1920's legendary bootlegger. He lived a life as seen in movies. While there may be a skeleton in everyone's closet, there's few to match the one lying in Riverside Cemetery.

While criminals have been known to see the light and change their ways and follow the law, Remus, a Chicago attorney took a different direction. Seeing the money made by the bootleggers he often defended in court, the lawyer decided to use his knowledge of the legal loopholes to his advantage and make himself into a very rich man. His having worked as a pharmacist in Chicago gave him the privilege of a pharmacy permit which entitled him to legally produce a limited amount of alcohol for "medicinal purpose." A perfect starting point for a business in bootlegging.

Martin Luther King Jr. the conscience of a generation that changed America through the power of love Print E-mail

Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of American progressivism.

A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history. He also established his reputation as a radical, and became an object of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's COINTELPRO for the rest of his life.

PCCC providing twenty-five years of community service Print E-mail

Twenty-five years ago, on January 14, 1988, thirty-three persons met together at Southern Elementary library to organize the Pendleton County Cooperative of Churches (PCCC). Representatives from fourteen churches were present for the signing of the charter. The establishing of working committees was presented by Rev. Henry White, president of the local Ministerial Association.

Mr. Elton Souder of the Falmouth Baptist church served as the first president of the PCCC. Other officers included Paul DeWald, vice president, St. Francis Xavier Catholic; Shirley Jacob, secretary, Mt. Moriah Church; and Lois Record, treasurer, Butler Christian Church.

All about New Year's resolutions and how to succeed Print E-mail

Well it's that time again. Time for making New Year's resolutions. With 2013 barely underway, those well intended resolutions are fresh off our tongues. Now comes the tough job of keeping them.

What sets New Year's resolutions apart from other resolutions is that it is made in anticipation of the New Year and new beginnings. A clean slate of 12 whole months lies before us. We commit ourselves to a New Year's resolution generally hoping to keep it or them for the whole following year.

There are religious origins to the making of New Year's resolutions. The ancient Babylonians made promises to their gods at the start of each year that they would return borrowed  objects and pay their debts. The Romans began each year by making promises to the god Janus, for whom the month of January is named. In the Medieval era, the knights took the "peacock vow" at the end of the Christmas season each to re-affirm their commitment to chivalry. At watchnight services, many Christians prepare for the year ahead by praying and making resolutions.



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